How to get started with Web Development?

web development

How to get started with web development? Is it easy? what is Frontend / Backend or Full Stack Developer? what is the difference between web designer & web developer? These are the questions that appear in every beginner’s mind when they think to get started with web development.

Nothing in this world is easy or difficult, it entirely depends on your attitude towards learning that thing which you want to learn. If you are confident and keep yourself motivated you can learn it very easily otherwise it may take you lifetime to learn that specific thing.

If you are reading this Blog then definitely you want to become a web developer, and serious about web development.

First of all, let us understand the terms discussed in the introduction.

how to start web development
Web Development Source | Divyanshu Shekhar

What is Frontend / Backend & Full Stack Web Developer?

how to become full stack developer
Frontend vs Backend Source | Divyanshu Shekhar

There are three kinds of developers:

  • Frontend Developer
  • Backend Developer
  • Full Stack developer

Front End Development

FrontEnd (the noticeable parts of a website or app) Developer works mostly with the UI part.

Frontend Developers main tools / languages for web UI development are:

HTML which allows you to create the skeleton of the website.

CSS which allows you to design the website. CSS Framework Bootstrap is also used for fast CSS development.

JavaScript for making the websites interactive. JQuery is used for fast javascript development. For making Web Apps javascript frameworks like Angular/React/Vue are in great demand among the developers.

Backend Development

Backend (databases and software “under the hood”) is the website’s main part. A website will not be dynamic if it does not have a backend.

Backend Developers work with databases, they make websites talk with database. They are the real players when it comes to securing your websites too.

This is not mandatory that a Frontend developer will only have to work with the UI part or the Backend Developer will have to work with server-side.

Full-Stack Developer

Full Stack Developer is a web developer or designer who deals on both the front and backend.

A Full Stack Developer knows the Frontend part like Angular/React/Vue and the backend frameworks like Django/PHP/Node.

Full Stack Developer works with database and Authentication.

start web development
Responsive web design Source | Divyanshu Shekhar

Technologies To Become a Front-end Web Developer

Languages For Starting Front-End Web Development

1. HTML

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language.

It is used to design the front end portion of web pages using a markup language. It is the skeleton of the website.

2. CSS

Cascading Style Sheets referred to as CSS is a Designing language for website. It is used to design the skeleton of the website.

In CSS we have to build classes and specify the design for the specified HTML.

3. Javascript

JavaScript is a popular scripting language for making our website interactive. JS also allows us to create animation in our website.

JavaScript let’s us work with DOM (Document Object Model), it allows us to interact with the website HTML and CSS.

Frameworks For Front-End Web Development

1. AngularJS

AngularJS is a JavaScript open-source front-end framework mainly used to develop single-page web applications(SPAs).

2. React.js

React is a JavaScript framework for web development. React is managed by Facebook.

3. Bootstrap

Bootstrap is a free and open-source framework for CSS.

This also makes it easy for us to develop websites, as we do not have to design the html skeleton website from scratch.

We just have to link bootstrap either by downloading or linking it using CDN and then, need to specify built in classes in the html to design our website.

4. JQuery

JQuery is an open-source JavaScript library.

This JavaScript library makes it easy for us to work with animations, DOM (Document Object Model) and also to make our websites interactive.

Technologies For Back-end Web Development

Back end Languages

1. PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language primarily built for web development. WordPress a Content Management System is also built in PHP.

2. Python

Python is a programming language, it is also used as a server side language for web development.

Django and Flask are two python frameworks that are used in the server side for the web development.

why you should learn python?

3. Node.js

Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform runtime environment for JavaScript. Node.js is also used for API creation and also serves as server.

Back end Frameworks

  • Express
  • Django / Flask
  • Rails
  • Laravel
  • Spring

Learn Web development using WordPress

WordPress is an open-source online website development tool written in PHP. WordPress is a CMS (Content Management System) which was earlier used only for building blogging pages, but now it’s community has grown so large and number of plugins are also growing larger and it is also used for making portfolio websites and e-commerce websites too.

Online Courses

There are plenty of sources online that can make you a Full Stack Developer. Sources like Udemy, Coursera, Edureka, etc.

Download Udemy Courses For Free

Read how to get started with Flutter app development? (Point number 5) to know how to download Udemy Courses for free.

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